Items tagged with: History
THE PIRATE BOOK
FREE DOWNLOAD THE PIRATE BOOK | FREE PRINT THE PIRATE BOOK
All texts are copyleft; images are subject to their original licenses
This work offers a broad view on media piracy as well as a variety of comparative perspectives on recent issues and historical facts regarding piracy. It contains a compilation of texts relating grassroot situations where strategies have been developed to share, distribute and experience cultural content outside of the confines of local economies, politics or laws. These stories recount the experiences of individuals from India, Cuba, Brazil, Mexico, Mali, China and UK.CONCEPTION & EDITING: DISNOVATION.ORG
The book is structured in four parts and begins with a collection of stories on piracy dating back to the invention of the printing press and expanding to broader issues: historical and modern antipiracy technologies, geographically specific issues, as well as the rules of the Warez scene, its charters, structure and visual culture.
This book could not have been made without the help of :
street vendors, photocopiers, bootleg recordings, double
cassette decks, cracktros, .nfo files, VHS recorders, CD burners,
scanners, BBS, copy parties, game copiers, Warez, keygens,
Napster, eDonkey, Soulseek, The Pirate Bay, UbuWeb, Library
Genesis, Karagarga, Megaupload, FilesTube, and many more...
PUBLISHER: AKSIOMA, LJUBLJANA | 2015
CONTRIBUTORS: JOTA IZQUIERDO, CHRISTOPHER KIRKLEY, MARIE LECHNER, PEDRO MIZUKAMI, ERNESTO OROZA, CLÉMENT RENAUD, ISHITA TIWARY, ERNESTO VAN DER SAR & MICHAËL ZUMSTEIN
#shitposting #anarchist meme for cool people
#pirate #hack #35C3 #book #art #antipiracy #technology
#piracy #movie #hack #linux #hacker #history #India #Cuba
#Brazil #Mexico #Mali #China #UK #thepiratebay #tpb #vhs
I post every day meme about anarchy and other cool stuff.
Feel free to download and/or share them ! :)
On Trump's new special envoy to Venezuela and the El Mozote massacre
More than 900 peasants were murdered in and around several villages in the eastern province of Morazán. Most were old men, women, and children. At the Roman Catholic church in El Mozote, soldiers separated men from their families, took them away, and shot them. They herded mothers and children into the convent. Putting their American-supplied M-16 rifles on automatic, the soldiers opened fire. Then they burned the convent. Some 140 children were killed, including toddlers. Average age: 6.
In El Salvador, the Reagan administration, with Abrams as point man, routinely defended the Salvadoran government in the face of evidence that its regular army, and allied right-wing death squads, were operating with impunity, killing peasants, students, union leaders, and anyone considered anti-government or pro-guerrilla. Abrams went so far as to defend one of the death squads’ most notorious leaders, Roberto D’Aubuisson, who was responsible for the murder of Archbishop Óscar Romero while he was saying Mass, in March 1980.
And now, this very person is sent to execute Trump's foreign policy in Venezuela. Can you imagine where this is going to lead?
#US #USA #Trump #DonaldTrump #Venezuela #ElSalvador #ElMozote #Genocide #History #Insurgency #Intervention #Corruption #Crooked #ElliottAbrams #CivilDisobedience #CivilWar #NoWar #NoNationalism #NoPatriotism #CrookedSystem #ForeignAffairs #Politics #News
30th anniversary of Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan
"I was in grade six and everything changed overnight, our school, our neighbourhood. The Soviets hadn't just invaded the country, they invaded our culture and religion too," he recalled.
"In the end, after nine years of fighting, we won. We defeated the Soviets, with few resources. And today, we celebrate that victory of Islam against the communists," he added with pride.
The nine-year-long Afghan war was too costly for the Soviet Union. An estimated 15,000 Soviet troops lost their lives, with more than twice that wounded.
#Afghanistan #SovietUnion #News #Politics #Intervention #Military #TroopWithdrawal #History #USSR #Islam #Religion #Islamism #Deconstruction #Poverty
The US territory, including its colonies
Were Japan’s targets considered “the United States”? Legally, they were indisputably US territory. But would the public see them that way? What if Roosevelt’s audience didn’t care that Japan had attacked the Philippines or Guam? Polls taken slightly before the attack show that few in the continental US supported a military defense of those remote territories.
But it is also missing Puerto Rico, which, although not a state, has been part of the country since 1899. When have you ever seen a map of the US that had Puerto Rico on it? Or American Samoa, Guam, the US Virgin Islands, the Northern Marianas or any of the other smaller islands that the US has annexed over the years?
The racism that had pervaded the country since slavery also engulfed the territories. Like African Americans, colonial subjects were denied the vote, deprived of the rights of full citizens, called racial epithets, subjected to dangerous medical experiments and used as sacrificial pawns in war. They, too, had to make their way in a country where some lives mattered and others did not.
#US #USA #Imperialism #Colonialism #Racism #StopImperialism #StopColonialism #NoRacism #NoNationalism #NoPatriotism #Politics #WWII #WorldWarII #History
Today's Darwin's and Abe Lincoln's birthday!
As you all know, Charles Darwin became famous for his observations and investigations on nature and for inventing the evolutionary theory that stated that human beings derived from apes, which therefore showed us how many attitudes we have got in common for them. A great step forward, away from the creationist theory that stated that God had created the earth, in seven days (while it actually was created within a couple of seconds).
Abraham Lincoln was famosu for his abolitionist stance that finally ended slavery, at least on paper. In the end, it took several decades to end the apartheid in the United States, although hitherto, racist prejudices prevail, especially in the Southern States.
#ThisDayInHistory #History #News #Lincoln #Darwin #CharlesDarwin #AbrahamLincoln
The most «No Future»-like dinosaur skeleton discovered in Southern Argentina
The Bajadasaurus pronuspinax roamed Patagonia 14o million years ago in the Cretaceous. It belonged to the sauropod family, which were known to have long necks and tails. This specific dinosaur likely measured about 30 feet long.
The dinosaur's spikes were likely used to fend off predators and make it more difficult and deterring to attack. The sharp spikes, creating a mohawk along the dinosaur's back are long and thin enough that they would have likely been surrounded by keratin in order to not break off during an attack.
This animal fed on ground plants but upward facing eyes and a spike mohawk allowed it to deter predators as it spent its days grazing.
#Science #Archaeology #Dinsoaur #Mammals #AncientTime #History #Skeleton #Mohawk #Punk #NoFuture #NoHope #News
An interesting story on Lena Forsen, whose face can be found in any book on digital image processing. The article also makes you think about just who are the anonymous people (mainly women) who are behind our culture and technology.
#Technology #Culture #Images #History #Women
Every morning, Lena Forsen wakes up beneath a brass-trimmed wooden mantel clock dedicated to “The First Lady of the Internet.”
It was presented to her more than two decades ago by the Society for Imaging Science and Technology, in recognition of the pivotal—and altogether unexpected—role she played in shaping the digital world as we know it.
Among some computer engineers, Lena is a mythic figure, a mononym on par with Woz or Zuck. Whether or not you know her face, you’ve used the technology it helped create; practically every photo you’ve ever taken, every website you’ve ever visited, every meme you’ve ever shared owes some small debt to Lena. Yet today, as a 67-year-old retiree living in her native Sweden, she remains a little mystified by her own fame. “I’m just surprised that it never ends,” she told me recently.
In the late 19th century, the story goes, Parisian morticians were so taken by the beauty of an anonymous young woman whose body had washed up in the Seine that they commissioned a death mask and began selling copies. She became known as L’Inconnue de la Seine, the Unknown Woman of the Seine. Her face mask inspired artists and novelists for the next half century, at which time it came into use as a model for first-aid mannequins.
Similarly, in the early 20th century, the model Audrey Munson’s body was reproduced in iron and marble statues around the world. While she was well-known at the height of her short career, she faded quickly from public view and died just as her image still lives: anonymously. Munson’s likeness adorns many of New York’s bridges and buildings, but until recently no one knew her story.
Both Munson and L’Inconnue are predecessors of the hundreds of women whose images were used to calibrate the coloring of 20th-century photography and film. These women’s identities shaped the technologies that their bodies were used to create
Real faces of the Neanderthal valley
ru_RU (Naked Science): https://naked-science.ru/article/sci/lica-drevnih-zhiteley-evropy
MORE LINKS: https://www.livescience.com/64620-ancient-britons-facial-reconstruction.html
Faces Re-Created of Ancient Europeans, Including Neanderthal Woman and Cro-Magnon Man
By Laura Geggel
January 29, 2019
About 5,600 years ago, a 20-year-old woman was buried with a tiny baby resting on her chest, a sad clue that she likely died in childbirth during the Neolithic. This woman and six other ancient Europeans — including a Cro-Magnon man, a Neanderthal woman and a man-bun-sporting dude from 250 B.C. — are on display at a museum in Brighton, England, now that a forensic artist has re-created their faces.
These re-creations took hundreds of hours of work and are based on every available detail scientists could glean from these people's remains, including radiocarbon dating; the collection of dental plaque; and, when possible, the analysis of ancient DNA that detailed each person's eye, skin and hair color, said Richard Le Saux, senior keeper of collections at the Royal Pavilion & Museums in England, where the exhibit opened on Jan. 26.
This exhibit aims to shine a light on the past inhabitants of Brighton and mainland Europe by featuring hyper-realistic portrayals of their faces, Le Saux told Live Science in an email.
To re-create these heads, Oscar Nilsson, a forensic artist based in Sweden, took 3D printed replicas of their skulls and got to work. After reviewing data on the individuals' heritage and ages of death, he used plasticine clay to sculpt muscles and then covered that with artificial skin, which included details such as wrinkles and pores. The first two faces — those of a Neanderthal woman from Gibraltar and a Cro-Magnon man from France — show the history of Europe's early human inhabitants. According to DNA research, "early Cro-Magnons like this one had really dark skin," Nilsson told Live Science in an email.
The woman who likely died in childbirth, known as the Whitehawk girl (named for Whitehawk, Brighton, where she was found), also had dark skin. While her remains didn't have any preserved DNA, other burials from her time period did, and those people's genetic material shows "their skin color to be at least like today's people living in North Africa, or in fact, a bit darker," Nilsson said.
Meanwhile, the best hairstyle award for the group may go to the Slonk Hill man, who lived in England around 250 B.C. This man died young by modern standards — between the ages of 24 and 31 — but "his bones tell the story of a man living a good life: being robust, strong and healthy, he also had handsome facial features," Nilsson said. "His teeth are unique — he has gaps [and]spaces between his teeth, a condition called diastema."
Nilsson gave the Slonk Hill man a "Suebian knot," a style in which the hair is tightly swept to the side of the head in a bun. "A number of Germanic tribes have variations of this hairstyle," Nilsson said, explaining his choice.
Another individual — the Romano-British "Patcham lady," who lived around A.D. 250 — may have been murdered.
"Her skeleton shows she lived a hard life," Nilsson said. "Her spine [may]have suffered from hard labor, resulting in a spinal condition called Schmorl's nodes." But what really grabbed Nilsson's attention was a nail driven into the back of the woman's head.
There were iron nails found in the grave, so "this could be the result of a somewhat sloppy sealing of the coffin she was laid in," Nilsson said. "Or, more intriguing[ly], it could be a token of superstitious beliefs. There are examples with deceased people being buried with nails in and around them, to prevent them from haunt [ing]the neighborhood after death."
"We'll never know in this case," he noted.
That may be true, but the visiting public will still wonder, as each of the faces looks at you, inviting you learn the person's story. And that's exactly what Nilsson wanted. "I use silicone, prosthetic eyes and real human hair to achieve this [effect]," he said. "But they are also reconstructions, forensically rebuilt, muscle by muscle. This is actually very close to what they looked like in life."
The exhibit is now on display at The Elaine Evans Archaeology Gallery in Brighton.
Credits: Royal Pavilion & Museums; Brighton & Hove
#ancient #history #archaeology #Cro-Magnon #Neanderthal #news #museum #gallery #photo #picture #Brighton #exhibit #Germany #UK #GB #England
You’ve seen the Xerox Alto emulator, now see the Xerox Star emulator DarkStar. Really good work! #retrocomputing #retrocomputer #history https://engblg.livingcomputers.org/index.php/2019/01/19/introducing-darkstar-a-xerox-star-emulator/
The Paris peace conference begins - archive, 18 January 1919
#Paris Peace Conference, #History, WWI